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Basic Aquarium Guide


We are discussing regarding the general setup for the Tropical and Coldwater aquarium. The differences between Tropical and Coldwater aquarium are assumed to be understood by simply everyone and hence will not be discussed in fantastic details. Below is a break down of the a comparison of the 2 type of aquarium.

Cold Water -Low Variety of Species, High Availability, Low Fish-stocking density, Low cost of set-up

Tropical : High Variety of species, High Availability, Large Fish-stocking density, Low cost of set-up

Start-up equipment needed for both type of aquariums:

rapid Aquarium Tank

– Hood

– Filtration

– Substrate

– Water conditioners

instructions Test kit

– Thermometer

– Heating (Tropical)

– Decoration

– Stand

Fish tank Tank

When you are choosing your first tank, devote some time before purchasing to make sure that you are buying the proper tank for you and for you fish. Which wide range of tank designs available but the just one preferred generally is the standard rectangular designed tank. This is because rectangular tanks, being a few times as long as they are wide, have a huge surface area for the exchange of gases as well as the uptake of oxygen by the water. Furthermore, better for them in terms of the swimming space it gives you. Bigger is better for any aquarium, as a good large aquarium is very small compared to the healthy range that any fish has been employed to in the wild. The larger the tank, one of the most water it will hold and the more sea food it will be able to sustain and support. It will provide more stable water conditions compared to a small tank.

Below is a guide to stocking level:

Coldwater — 2 . 5cm (1 in) of fish per 60 sq cm (9. 3 sq in) connected with tank water surface area

Tropical — 2 . not 5cm (1 in) of fish for every 30 sq cm (4. 65 sq in) of tank water surface area

Take note: Surface area of the aquarium if calculated by means of multiplying the length by the width.


Be a place for your lightings. Unless you are having a concept set-up; it is generally an important part from the tank. Lower evaporation rate of the h2o, preventing dust from getting into the aquarium and avoid fish from jumping out of the aquarium are a few important aspect of having a hood.


Filtering is the life-support system for any aquarium and is particularly vitally important for the well-bring of the fish living within it. Without exception, all fish tank fish need filtered water that is clear of pollutants, which is left to build up can be harmful to their health. Unfiltered aquariums are not harmless for living fish since, unless this inflatable water is changed several times a day, fish turn into poisoned by their own waste products and may expire as a result.

Type of Filtration (Specific info about filtering coming soon):

Mechanical Filtration – This is certainly carried out by passing water through media that can trap particles and remove them from the normal water column. Mechanical filter media can be as a sponge or fine wool, and therefore are cheap and readily available. Most filters do the job mechanically, and the effectiveness of the process is usually indicated by the way the tank water clears.

Biological Filtration – This method harnesses the effectiveness of nature by providing areas within the filter just where microscopic bacteria can live and grow. The media should have a high surface area regarding their volume, so that more bacteria may live within the space. All tanks could have some sort of natural biological filter either from bacteria that live on the surface of the substrate or maybe the surface of the plants.

Chemical Filtration — This process is where chemical pollutants and also metals are removed from the water by particular absorbent resins and granules. Once soaked, the media are normally spent so are and then discarded and replaced. The most common form of substance medium available is aquarium-grade carbon, that may remove dyes, odours and medications by tank water, as well as chlorine from water.

The substrate of any aquarium could be the material that is placed on the bottom of the reservoir for decoration. Traditional substrates include sands and gravels, which can be found naturally in the just about any body of water. In most freshwater aquariums typically the substrate should be inert, which means that it will not reduce or leach elements into the water specifically any that may affect the pH of the container water.

Different type of substrate

Pea small

This material is an excellent choice for coldwater along with tropical aquariums and is safe to use with all forms of fish. It is available in sizes from 4mm (1/8 in) up to 2cm (3/4 in), and its round particles make it good for bass that like to dig. It will not readily lightweight and it can also be easily cleaned. Pea pebbles should be used in a layer about 5cm (2 in) deep. It offers good mounting for plants, the smaller particle sizes getting best for prolonged plant growth.

Silica mud

Silica is available as sand and determination and can be used in all freshwater aquariums. It is quite dirty when first purchased and will require a lot of rinsing before the water runs apparent. Its colour is similar to that of soil this means you will be used to good effect for producing natural-style aquariums. Its small particle dimensions are useful for plant growth and it should be applied at a depth between 2 . 5cm (1 in), where there are no natural plants, in addition to 10cm (4 in) for heavily rooted aquariums.

Silver sand

This is the original general aquarium substrate, given that it is found effortlessly all over the world in streams, rivers, lakes as well as oceans. Its name is a little inaccurate, since its total colour is golden and is essentially the very same material as that found on most shorelines. It needs to be washed thoroughly when 1st purchased, and it can be messy to work with due to the fact its tiny particles get everywhere. Plant life can be grown in it, but some species are usually better suited to it than others. To get a heavily planted tank, mix silver orange sand with substrate fertilizer and use a home heating cable to prevent stagnation.

Colour gravels

We have a huge market for colour gravels each imaginable colour is available, from black to be able to shocking pink. It is mainly used in attractive aquariums and can liven up tanks that are not gaily lit. Light colours will attract algae progress and should be regularly cleaned to prevent that. Black gravel looks attractive in natural-style aquariums and highlights fish and vegetable coloration. Wash all colour gravels as a lot of plant covering will have ground off of the gravel particles in the bag.


Determination is a term used for substrates with a molecule size between fine sand and fine boulders – that is, 2-3 mm (1/16 : 1/8in) and is fine enough to inspire plant root growth within it.

Pro and also Cons summary of various substrates,

Pea tiny rocks


– Easy to clean; inert; protected for all fish


– Too rough for some plants to grow in

Silica fine sand


-Cheap; Natural looking; good for herb growth


-Needs thorough washing while purchased to remove dust

Silver sand


-Natural looking; suitable for all aquariums


-Prone to clogging; particles can find themselves in filter chambers and power heads

Coloring gravel


-Brighten up aquariums; well-liked by children


-Colours fade over time vivid colours attract algae growth



-Small enough to anchor plants

Negative aspects

-Can be dirty when first obtained

Water conditioners

There is much different type of H2o conditioners out there for aquarium. But the most crucial we are talking about here is Chlorine Neutralizer. This particular coming out from our type has abundances of chlorine contained in it and we would like to remove it. It’s optional to have water hair conditioners as by leaving water in a also or tanks for over 24hrs will have nearly all of its chlorine content removed naturally.

Check kits

The importance of water testing for modern day aquarist cannot be underestimated. Water testing will be able to tell us so much more about how the tank is definitely running than is possible with the naked attention. Water can be crystal clear and yet still include extremely high levels of toxic ammonia along with nitrite, as well as nitrate and phosphate. Typically the pH and hardness of aquarium waters are also impossible to tell just by looking, thus a test kit can be used to determine whether particular toxins are present and whether subsequent action must be taken.

Test kits work by using reactants that change colour, which can then end up being cross-referenced against colour charts. Usually each and every reagent will test for only one pedoman, such as pH, and so a kit includes several different tests. A recommended test kit is a Freshwater Master Test Kit (Picture above). The kit is complete for tests tap water and aquarium water. It includes pH (6. 0 to 7. 6), large range pH (7. 4 to 8. 8), Ammonia, Nitrite, and Nitrate. A cheap in addition to reliable test kit to buy.

I will make an effort to set up a more thorough explanation of check kits sometimes in future.

Thermometers are an low-cost necessity; it monitors the most important attribute in the fish tank. Something can always go wrong along with your aquarium heater and you need to know it right away. Read the thermometer at least once a day is important just as if something goes wrong with your heater, it can be deadly. There are many type of aquarium thermometer on the market in the market. Choose one that you like best.


Often the temperature of the world’s ocean, lake as well as river differs considerably and the fish in which inhabit each ecosystem have evolved for you to thrive in certain temperature range. Fish that individuals consider to be tropical live in a temperature of the water of 24-30°C (75 – 86 °F) all year round, with tropical marine fish moving into a more stable environment of an almost regular temperature of 24°C (75°F). Heating this in an aquarium to the temperature required for warm species is both simple and inexpensive.

There are numerous types of heating element available; including exclusive mats and cables, but the essential thing you need to heat and regulate the temperatures in your aquarium is a heater/thermostat. As a heating up element at the bottom of the heater heats up, and so the water in contact with the outside of the heater warms. A thermostat reads the temperature on the water and turns the heater on / off to maintain the desired temperature. The heater and also thermostat are housed in a glass conduit with a sealed top. This piece of equipment is put fully submerged in the tank; the heat adjusted and then plugged in for 24 hours a day.

There are numerous sizes of heater available. The wattage required depends on the volume of water to get warmed. A 25 Watt size water heater is enough for a 30cm (12in) long tank while a 300 watt heater is plenty for 120cm (48 in) long fish tank. Any size later than this will involve more than 2 heaters. Look at the table under to have a better view.

Tank Size Warming up size

30cm (12in) 25 watts

60cm (24in) 50 watts

75cm (30in) a hundred watts

90cm (36in) 150 watts

100cm (39in) 200 watts

120cm (48in) 3 hundred watts


There are many types of Aquarium Adornment available to choose from. They are namely substrate (we mentioned before), rocks, wood, ornaments, artificial/natural plants and backgrounds.

The use of rock within the aquarium is as old as the hobby on its own and there are now many types available. Rockwork provides a backdrop, hiding places for seafood and potential spawning sites. More posts about rocks will be posted in future.

Timber can be used very effectively as a design characteristic in aquariums and helps to provide a natural environment. Not all wood is safe to be used in aquariums, so only obtain wood from creatures retailers. Fish use wood for camouflage clothing and hiding places and it can also be familiar with highlight planting. Wood should be pre-soaked to eliminate unwanted chemical that it might have.

For a discriminating fish keeper ornaments may have no place inside the aquarium, but some do not know what they are missing. Species of fish are not fussy about what their home looks like, along with species that like to hide may just be enjoyably reside under a bridge made from resin as one made from piled stones. For those of you this like a colourful underwater wonderland, they are absolutely essential to have.

Artificial plants have come a long way simply because they were first introduced and now look considerably more realistic than ever. Their durability also generates suitable to keep with fish that would kill live plants and those that would eat the true things. They are useful for hiding equipment in addition to making areas feel more secure for stressed fish, and, of course , they will tolerate any sort of water.

Aquatic plants can look gorgeous when they are properly displayed, but they offer several additional benefits to the aquarium and its people. However , if they are to provide any of the benefits, you should meet their needs, which includes providing appropriate lighting effects, fertilization and substrates. See basic grow guide.

An appropriate background is important if you want to duplicate an underwater scene in your aquarium. They could give the effect of increased depth and can furthermore hide any trailing cables. Internal as well as external backgrounds can be purchased, or you can make 1 yourself.


A stand is a simple requirement for an aquarium, as without one particular it would be sitting on the floor. Stands must be particularly made by professionals or purchased from an inside your retailer because aquariums are heavy ample to buckle living room furniture, potentially creating disaster. A stand for the aquarium is usually either cabinets or a simple stands. The two are appropriate and depend solely on the inclination of the hobbyist.

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